The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a large long-living palm that yields the fruit of a coconut. The tree can last up to 100 years and can grow up to 98 feet tall. It can blossom up to thirteen times a year. The tree has a single bole the bark of which is smooth and ring-scarred. The pinnate leaves can reach 13-20 feet of length. They consist of linear-lanceolate bright green leaflets.        

The word coconut is most likely to come from the Spanish and Portuguese word coco, which has a meaning of "a grin", "a monkey face" due to the resemblance of the coconut fruit to a human face, or a monkey head, since there are three small indentations on the shell of the fruit. Nucifera, in its turn, comes from Latin, and means "nut-bearing", where fero means "I bear" and nux is "a nut". In Sanskrit, the coconut palm tree bears the name of kalpa vriksha, which means "the tree giving all the necessities for living". It is called like this due to the variety of useful properties and compounds the coconut palm and its fruit possess.


The Philippines is the world's largest producer of coconuts; the production of coconuts plays an important role in the economy as it is probably is the most utilized palm in the Philippines. Having a wide uses, one can literally survive with only this 


The coconut palm is probably the most versatile plant around. It offers a wide array of uses that requires none to little amount of processing:
  • The Coconut fruit provides nutrition from its meat and water. We can make oil, wine, margarine, delicacies and even cosmetics from this fruit. The shell makes a good bowl and can also be converted into alternative fuel. The husk is widely used in the Philippines to clean floors (bunot), rugs, mats and carpets. 
  • The Coconut leaves make good brooms and can also be weaved into baskets and hats. One can also use them as roofing material for sheds. 
  • Coconut wood from the bark proves to be a good construction material for houses, furniture and woodwork ornaments.





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